Category: Technology

Technology content from Leo Nelson

Setup Pi-Hole in Azure

Pi-Hole is a network wide DNS sinkhole that can be setup on multiple software/hardware configurations. Originally, I was going down the path of setting up Pi-Hole on a Raspberry Pi 3, but decided to explore the Azure VM path based on some posts from others.

Below are the high level steps I followed to setup Pi-Hole on my home network.

1.Create a VM in Azure and keep track of the public IP. (I picked the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS version with 1 CPU and 1 GB of RAM.)

2. Create an inbound firewall rule to enable SSH traffic (i.e. TCP Port 22) from your home network

Home > Virtual machines > Connect to virtual machine > Networking

3. SSH to the VM and update the package database

sudo apt-get update

4. Install Pi-hole

curl -L https://install.pi-hole.net | bash

5. Configure Pi-hole for your environment. Some suggested configuration options are below[2]

6. Create an inbound firewall rule to enable Web traffic (i.e. TCP Port 80, 443) from your home network

8. Confirm you can access the Admin page of Pi-Hole by going to <VM IP>

9. Create an inbound firewall rule to enable DNS traffic (i.e. TCP/UDP Port 53)

10. Update your home router’s DNS to point to the public IP of your VM by following instructions at How do I configure my devices to use Pi-hole as their DNS server?

11. Test that Pi-Hole is properly configured by visiting the Pi-Hole Ad Pages Test Page.

[1] Post Implementation Notes:

  • Under the VM, check Operations > Auto-shutdown to confirm the settings match the shutdown behavior of the VM you want
  • Under the VM, check Operations > Update Management to confirm the settings match the OS automatic update behavior you want

[2] Related Links:

The following blogs posts were extremely helpful with the steps required to setup Pi-Hole in Azure and modifying some Pi-Hole settings to work for most home needs.

Sky-Hole Revisited [Pi-Hole in a cloud VM for easy DNS-based ad-blocking]

A New PiHole in the Sky

Network-wide blocking of Ads, tracking cookies and popups

Alumni and Emeriti

Western Michigan University has a very handy reference guide on distinguishing the various forms of Alumni and Emeriti.

Term Description/Definition Example
Alumna Singular female i.e. a female graduate or former student of a particular school, college, or university.   Jane is an alumna.
Alumnus Singular male i.e. a male graduate or former student of a particular school, college, or university. John is an alumnus.
Alumnae Plural female i.e. female graduates or former student of a particular school, college, or university. Jane and Mary are alumnae.  
Alumni Plural male and plural when both men and women are included. John, Jane and Mary are alumni.
Emerita Singular female i.e. a female professor having retired but allowed to retain her title as an honor.   Jane is an emerita.
Emeritus Singular male i.e. a male professor having retired but allowed to retain his title as an honor. John is an emeritus.
Emeritae Plural female i.e. female professors having retired but allowed to retain their title as an honor   Jane and Mary are emeritae.
Emeriti Plural male and plural when both men and women are included. John, Jane and Mary are emeriti.